5. Deploy a smart contract using Hardhat
Hardhat is available for conflux eSpace. This discusses the compilation, testing and deployment of a smart contract through Hardhat. For more information, visit https://hardhat.org/getting-started

Deploy a smart contract using Hardhat

Hardhat is a development environment for compiling, deploying, testing, and debugging Ethereum-based smart contracts. It helps developers manage and automate the repetitive tasks inherent in building smart contracts and dApps and introduces more functionality around this workflow. This means compiling, running, and testing smart contracts on the core. Much of Hardhat's functionality comes from plugins, and as a developer, you are free to choose which plugins you want to use. From version 2.1 of ChainIDE, the Terminal function is supported, and the background can be used to test, compile and deploy the Hardhat framework. The tutorial aims to teach how to use Hardhat in ChainIDE, and please refer to its related documentation for specific hardhat usage. The steps are following:

1. Open Command line

Click "Output" in the lower right corner, then click "Command Line" in the middle, and then click "npm-hardhat" to switch to the command-line interface.

2. Create a Project

To create a new project, use npx hardhat, and a new Hardhat project will be added to your project folder:
$ npx hardhat
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Welcome to Hardhat v2.0.8
? What do you want to do? …
❯ Create a sample project
Create an empty hardhat.config.js
Enter~ Let's create a sample project and go through these steps to try out sample tasks and compile, test, and deploy sample contracts. The example project will require you to install hardhat-waffle and hardhat-ethers, which makes Hardhat compatible with tests built with Waffle.
Hardhat will let you know how, but, if you missed them, you can install them with npm install --save-dev @nomiclabs/hardhat-waffle ethereum-waffle chai @nomiclabs/hardhat-ethers ethers
To first get a quick overview of what's available and what's going on, run npx hardhat in your t:
$ npx hardhat
Hardhat version 2.0.8
--config A Hardhat config file.
--emoji Use emoji in messages.
--help Shows this message, or a task's help if its name is provided
--max-memory The maximum amount of memory that Hardhat can use.
--network The network to connect to.
--show-stack-traces Show stack traces.
--tsconfig A TypeScript config file.
--verbose Enables Hardhat verbose logging
--version Shows hardhat's version.
accounts Prints the list of accounts
check Check whatever you need
clean Clears the cache and deletes all artifacts
compile Compiles the entire project, building all artifacts
console Opens a hardhat console
flatten Flattens and prints contracts and their dependencies
help Prints this message
node Starts a JSON-RPC server on top of Hardhat Network
run Runs a user-defined script after compiling the project
test Runs mocha tests
To get help for a specific task run: npx hardhat help [task]
Here is a list of built-in tasks and a sample accounts task. Going a step further, as you start adding more functionality with plugins, the tasks defined by these will also show up here. This is your starting point for finding out which tasks can run. If you look at the hardhat.config.js file, you will find accounts defined:
// This is a sample Hardhat task. To learn how to create your own go to
// https://hardhat.org/guides/create-task.html
task("accounts", "Prints the list of accounts", async (taskArgs, hre) => {
const accounts = await hre.ethers.getSigners();
for (const account of accounts) {
// You need to export an object to set up your config
// Go to https://hardhat.org/config/ to learn more
* @type import('hardhat/config').HardhatUserConfig
module.exports = {
solidity: "0.8.4",
To run it, try npx hardhat accounts
$ npx hardhat accounts

3. Compile your smart contract

Next, if you look at contracts/ you should be able to find Greeter.sol
//SPDX-License-Identifier: Unlicense
pragma solidity ^0.8.0;
import "hardhat/console.sol";
contract Greeter {
string private greeting;
constructor(string memory _greeting) {
console.log("Deploying a Greeter with greeting:", _greeting);
greeting = _greeting;
function greet() public view returns (string memory) {
return greeting;
function setGreeting(string memory _greeting) public {
console.log("Changing greeting from '%s' to '%s'", greeting, _greeting);
greeting = _greeting;
To compile it, just run:
npx hardhat compile

4. Test your smart contract

The sample project uses Waffle Test and Ethers.js. You can use other libraries if needed. If you look at test/, you should be able to find sample-test.js:
const { expect } = require("chai");
const { ethers } = require("hardhat");
describe("Greeter", function () {
it("Should return the new greeting once it's changed", async function () {
const Greeter = await ethers.getContractFactory("Greeter");
const greeter = await Greeter.deploy("Hello, world!");
await greeter.deployed();
expect(await greeter.greet()).to.equal("Hello, world!");
const setGreetingTx = await greeter.setGreeting("Hola, mundo!");
// wait until the transaction is mined
await setGreetingTx.wait();
expect(await greeter.greet()).to.equal("Hola, mundo!");
you can run your test npx hardhat test
$ npx hardhat test
Compiling 1 file with 0.7.3
Compilation finished successfully
Deploying a Greeter with greeting: Hello, world!
Changing greeting from 'Hello, world!' to 'Hola, mundo!'
✓ Should return the new greeting once it's changed (803ms)
1 passing (805ms)

5. Deploy your smart contract

Next, in order to deploy the contract, we will use the Hardhat script. Inside scripts/ you will find the following code in sample-script.js:
// We require the Hardhat Runtime Environment explicitly here. This is optional
// but useful for running the script in a standalone fashion through `node <script>`.
// When running the script with `npx hardhat run <script>` you'll find the Hardhat
// Runtime Environment's members available in the global scope.
const hre = require("hardhat");
async function main() {
// Hardhat always runs the compile task when running scripts with its command
// line interface.
// If this script is run directly using `node` you may want to call compile
// manually to make sure everything is compiled
// await hre.run('compile');
// We get the contract to deploy
const Greeter = await hre.ethers.getContractFactory("Greeter");
const greeter = await Greeter.deploy("Hello, Hardhat!");
await greeter.deployed();
console.log("Greeter deployed to:", greeter.address);
// We recommend this pattern to be able to use async/await everywhere
// and properly handle errors.
.then(() => process.exit(0))
.catch((error) => {
Run it in npx hardhat run scripts/sample-script.js:
$ npx hardhat run scripts/sample-script.js
Deploying a Greeter with greeting: Hello, Hardhat!
Greeter deployed to: 0x5FbDB2315678afecb367f032d93F642f64180aa3

6. Connect a wallet or Dapp to the Hardhat network

By default, Hardhat will always start an in-memory instance of the Hardhat Network at boot. It is also possible to run Hardhat Network in standalone mode so that external clients can connect to it, maybe MetaMask, your Dapp frontend, or some script. To run Hardhat Network this way, run npx hardhat node:
$ npx hardhat node
Started HTTP and WebSocket JSON-RPC server at
This will expose a JSON-RPC interface to the hardhat network. Due to the particularity of the chainIDE port, port forwarding is required first.

7. Using a local node on ChainIDE requires port mapping first

  1. 1.
    First, run npx hardhat node to start the hardhat network, this will provide 20 accounts, we choose one of the accounts and save its private key
$ npx hardhat node
Started HTTP and WebSocket JSON-RPC server at
WARNING: These accounts, and their private keys, are publicly known.
Any funds sent to them on Mainnet or any other live network WILL BE LOST.
Account #0: 0xf39fd6e51aad88f6f4ce6ab8827279cfffb92266 (10000 ETH)
Private Key: 0xac0974bec39a17e36ba4a6b4d238ff944bacb478cbed5efcae784d7bf4f2ff80
Account #1: 0x70997970c51812dc3a010c7d01b50e0d17dc79c8 (10000 ETH)
Private Key: 0x59c6995e998f97a5a0044966f0945389dc9e86dae88c7a8412f4603b6b78690d
Account #2: 0x3c44cdddb6a900fa2b585dd299e03d12fa4293bc (10000 ETH)
Private Key: 0x5de4111afa1a4b94908f83103eb1f1706367c2e68ca870fc3fb9a804cdab365a
Account #3: 0x90f79bf6eb2c4f870365e785982e1f101e93b906 (10000 ETH)
Private Key: 0x7c852118294e51e653712a81e05800f419141751be58f605c371e15141b007a6
Account #4: 0x15d34aaf54267db7d7c367839aaf71a00a2c6a65 (10000 ETH)
Private Key: 0x47e179ec197488593b187f80a00eb0da91f1b9d0b13f8733639f19c30a34926a
Account #5: 0x9965507d1a55bcc2695c58ba16fb37d819b0a4dc (10000 ETH)
Private Key: 0x8b3a350cf5c34c9194ca85829a2df0ec3153be0318b5e2d3348e872092edffba
2. Next, perform port mapping, click the port, select npm-hardhat for image, port 8545, and click Add:
And copy the address of the port mapping
3. Open hardhat.config.js in the editor, delete the original content and use the following content, fill in the mapped address and the private key just saved:
module.exports = {
solidity: "0.8.0",
networks: {
localhost: {
url: "***",// 8545
accounts: ["**"],
4. Create a new npm-hardhat terminal and enter the following command to deploy the contract to the local node:
npx hardhat run scripts/sample-script.js --network localhost
5. if you need to deploy to the main network and test network, please configure the relevant network fields and deploy.